Have you ever attended a meeting in which “formal” attire is anticipated? You most likely did not wear old jeans with holes into the knees, a stained tee shirt promoting your chosen beverage, and a set of sandals. You probably chose more formal attire.
If perhaps you were giving an essential speech to a small grouping of people that you don’t know, would you use the same sorts of language you employ when talking with friends? Probably not. Recognizing your not enough knowledge of the viewers, the necessity of the occasion, your aspire to demonstrate your knowledge for the subject, and also the impression you may like to make, you would probably use a more formal voice for your speech than what you should use when talking with good friends.
For all associated with the essays you write for this course, you should utilize a formal writing voice. You should use the kind of language you would use when giving an speech that is important not the type of language you could use when talking with close friends. A formal tone helps establish the writer’s respect when it comes to audience and implies that the writer is serious about his / her topic. It will be the type or sorts of tone that educated people use when chatting with other educated people. Most academic writing uses a tone that is formal.
1. Don’t use pronouns that are first-person”I,” “me,” “my,” “we,” “us,” etc.).
Using these expressions in analytical and persuasive essays could make the writing wordy, will make the writer seem less confident of his or her ideas, and will supply the essay an tone that is informal. Use of first-person pronouns is unnecessary in the types of essays you might be writing for the course. Readers will know they are reading your ideas, beliefs, or opinions, so that you don’t need to state, “I think that,” “I believe that,” or “in my opinion.” Simply delete these expressions from sentences, and you will be left with stronger sentences.
i believe that this character is confused.
This character is confused.
(the next sentence is less wordy, sounds more formal, and conveys a far more confident tone.)
“One,” “the reader,” “readers,” “the viewer,” or something like that similar sometimes can be used effectively rather than first-person pronouns in formal papers, but try not to overuse these expressions. You edu birdies org want to sound formal, not awkward and stiff.
I’m able to sense the character’s confusion.
2. Avoid addressing readers as “you.”
Addressing readers using second-person pronouns (“you, your”) can make an essay sound informal and that can bring assumptions into an essay which are not true. A student once wrote in her essay, “If you wear a tube top, guys might believe that you are easy.” I wondered why the student would think that I, a male, has on a tube top. As with first-person pronouns, second-person pronouns can be replaced by words such as “one,” “the reader,” “readers,” and “the viewer.”
3. Prevent the utilization of contractions.
Contractions are shortened versions of words which use apostrophes instead of letters, such as “can’t,” “isn’t,” “she is,” and “wouldn’t.” The more formal, non-contracted versions are “cannot,” “is not,” “she is,” and “would not.” You are surprised by just how much better a sentence can sound if non-contracted versions of the expressed words replace the contractions.
The character is not aware that he’s in the middle of people he can not trust.
The type is not aware he cannot trust that he is surrounded by people.
Making your writing more formal by avoiding contractions is simple: just find the contractions and replace them with the non-contracted versions associated with the words.
4. Avoid colloquialism and slang expressions.
Colloquial diction is informal language used in everyday speech and includes such words as “guys,” “yeah,” “stuff,” “kind of,” “okay,” and “big deal.” Highly diction that is informal such as “freak out” and “dissing,” falls into the category of “slang.” While slang words often are vivid and expressive, slang comes and goes quickly, another good reason why slang must certanly be avoided in formal writing. Both colloquialism and slang expressions convey an informal tone and must certanly be avoided in formal writing.
The guy was nailed for ripping off a liquor store.
The person was convicted of robbing a liquor store.
As you avoid informal language, try not to use words that suggests ideas that you might not intend. “The gentleman was convicted of robbing a liquor store” would leave readers wondering probably why the person who robbed the shop is recognized as to be a “gentleman.” Likewise, “the girl was convicted of robbing a liquor store” would probably cause readers to wonder why a woman who robs a liquor store is recognized as to be a “lady.”
5. Avoid diction that is nonstandard.
Nonstandard diction refers to expressions that aren’t considered legitimate words according to your rules of Standard English usage. Nonstandard diction includes “ain’t,” “theirselves,” “hisself,” “anyways,” “alot” (the accepted version is “a lot”), and “alright” (the accepted version is “all right”). Most dictionaries that are good identify such expressions aided by the word “Nonstandard.” Because nonstandard expressions generally are not regarded as legitimate words, these expressions are marked by me in essays as types of “inaccurate word choice.”
6. Avoid abbreviated versions of words.
For example, in the place of writing “photo,” “phone” and “TV,” write “photograph,” “telephone,” and “television.”
7. Steer clear of the overuse of short and simple sentences.
Even though the writer might use diction that is formal such sentences, way too many short and simple sentences could make an essay sound informal, just as if the writer just isn’t recognizing that the viewers is with the capacity of reading and understanding more complex and longer sentences. Short and easy sentences may be used effectively in formal writing, but heavy reliance on such sentences reflects poorly regarding the writer and gives the writing an tone that is informal.
Usually do not confuse diction that is formal presumptuous diction (the type of language that seems intended mainly to impress readers) or jargon (the kind of language only familiar to people within a specialized field, such as for instance computer technicians).
You should not sound “artificial” while you use formal diction. Instead, consider that different situations require different uses of language and that educated individuals are in a position to adapt their usage of language to a variety of writing and speaking situations. Educated men and women have several writing that is different speaking voices, and another voice is no more “genuine” than another. Instead, the different voices reflect choices in line with the writing or speaking situation. Using your word choice in essays, you can portray yourself as an intelligent one who is aware of your audience–a group of well-educated people whom you don’t know. Imagine the kind of language that you may used in a job interview for an important job. With formal diction, you can express yourself clearly, accurately, and effectively, without depending on the type of language you may possibly use in less formal situations.